The UK and other EU governments are planning a crackdown on bitcoin amid growing concerns that the digital currency is being used for money laundering and tax evasion.
The Treasury plans to regulate bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies to bring them in line with anti-money laundering and counter-terrorism financial legislation. Traders will be forced to disclose their identities, ending the anonymity that has made the currency attractive for drug dealing and other illegal activities.
Under the EU-wide plan, online platforms where bitcoins are traded will be required to carry out due diligence on customers and report suspicious transactions.
The rules are expected to come into effect next year.
The bosses of Goldman Sachs and JP Morgan have criticised bitcoin as a vehicle to commit fraud and other crimes. But Sir Jon Cunliffe, a deputy governor of the Bank of England, last week said the digital currency was too small to pose a systemic threat to the global economy. He also cautioned that bitcoin investors needed âto do their homeworkâ.
Bitcoin was trading at $11,566 on Monday. It hit a fresh record high of $11,800 on Sunday but fell to $10,554 on news of the regulatory crackdown.
The Labour MP John Mann, a member of the House of Commons Treasury select committee, suggested MPs would look into the regulation of virtual currencies.
He told The Daily Telegraph: âThese new forms of exchange are expanding rapidly and weâve got to make sure we donât get left behind â thatâs particularly important in terms of money laundering, terrorism or pure theft.
âIt would be timely to have a proper look at what this means. It may be that we want speed up our use of these kinds of thing in this country, but that makes it all the more important that we donât have a regulatory lag.â
Stephen Barclay, the economic secretary to the Treasury, set out the governmentâs plans in a written parliamentary answer in October. âThe UK government is currently negotiating amendments to the anti-money laundering directive that will bring virtual currency exchange platforms and custodian wallet providers into anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist financing regulation, which will result in these firmsâ activities being overseen by national competent authorities for these areas.
âThe government supports the intention behind these amendments. We expect these negotiations to conclude at EU level in late 2017 or early 2018.â
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